International community calls for a ceasefire in Gaza

The measure aims to preserve civilian lives, free hostages and guarantee the reconstruction of the Gaza Strip

The UN Security Council adopted a resolution this week drafted by the United States that endorses a ceasefire proposal in the Gaza Strip. The resolution, which received 14 votes in favour and an abstention from Russia, marks a significant step towards reducing hostilities in the region and protecting Palestinian and Israeli civilians. 

The Brazilian government welcomed the resolution approved by the Security Council. “The resolution prioritizes dialogue and diplomacy in the quest for just and lasting solutions to the situation in Gaza, as Brazil has been advocating since the beginning of the conflict.” Said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a note

Before the approval of the resolution, several countries, including Brazil, the United Kingdom, Colombia, Denmark, France, and Argentina, had already called for a ceasefire agreement that would guarantee the security of Israel and the restoration of Gaza. The multinational appeal reinforces the importance of protecting civilians and seeking lasting peace through a two-state solution.

The UN resolution outlines a three-phase plan for the ceasefire. The first phase includes an immediate end to the violence, the release of the hostages and the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the populous areas of Gaza. Additionally, it includes authorisation for Palestinians to return to their homes in the enclave.

A crucial component of the initial period is the effective distribution of humanitarian aid in Gaza, including the provision of housing units by the international community. This aspect is vital in order to meet the urgent needs of the civilian population affected by the conflict.

The resolution rejects any attempt at demographic or territorial changes in Gaza, reaffirming the commitment to a two-state solution. This principle aims to ensure that Israel and Palestine can coexist in peace, with secure and recognised borders, in accordance with International Law and UN resolutions.

Humanitarian impact and rights violations

The recent bombing of a school operated by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) in Gaza, which resulted in the deaths of at least 37 people and Israel’s military action to free four hostages which resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Palestinian civilians, underscored the urgency of a ceasefire within the international community.

Since the Hamas attacks on Israelis in October 2023, Israel has been conducting an aggressive military campaign in Gaza which has resulted in more than 36,550 deaths, including 13,800 children, according to UNICEF. The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) have been accused of violating International Law with indiscriminate attacks and restrictions on humanitarian aid. Regarding the deaths of civilians during the operation to rescue hostages, the UN human rights office has said that the Israeli action may constitute a war crime.

Find out more

Receive Conectas updates by email