On the last January 15th, the Brazilian Justice has determinate that the now extinct FEBEM (Brazilian youth detention center, known today as CASA) is obligated to compensate the family of the adolescent Bruno Martins Alvarenga Corea, found dead in 2004 November 6th , at the Vila Maria Complex of the FEBEM, after only eight months of detainee.
adolescent was found hanging by a bed sheet, a few hours after he had
tried suicide for the first time. Because of this first attempt, the
institution was recommended to watch closely the intern and to take out
of the cell all the objects that could be used in a new try. But the
FEBEM didn't follow the recommendations.
The sentence, that obligates FEBEM to compensate
the adolescent mother for moral harm, Mrs. Ieda Martins de Alvarenga
Correa, did not recognize the material harm. "The Judiciary,
unfortunately, accepts the argumentation used by the FEBEM, that after
an internship period the adolescent would never find a decent job to
help his family. The acceptance of this argumentation is the recognition
that this institution doesn't full fill its role, the rehabilitation of
adolescents", said Marcela Vieira, Conectas lawyer in this case. The
organization is going to appeal of this decision.
was set in around R$148.000 (around 70 thousand dollars). Although the
sum is lower than pleaded, this case represents a new perspective that
Brazilian judiciary has adopted into dealing with cases involving a
recompense for moral harm for death of detainees. In his decision, the
judge Luis Paulo Aliende Rieiro recognized that "he feeling of the lost
of a family member is always the same, doesn't change if the person was
once involved with crimes (?)".
This new perspective, for the lawyer Eloísa Machado, is also a recognition of Conectas work, which defends that the life of those imprisoned has the same value of those living in freedom; but unfortunately the Brazilian judiciary hadn´t understood it in the same way, giving the same compensation of this case for people who got a check incorrectly bounced.
responsibility of FEBEM in this case has empathized the lack of
structure to deal with adolescents who need special attention, like in
Bruno's case. Only in December 2006 a new unit was open to help the
institution to deal with these problems.